Introduction to ICESCR Optional Protocol [OP-ICESCR]
Mallika Ramachandran &
The ICESCR Optional Protocol brought the ICESCR [International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights] at par with the ICCPR [International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights] in terms of introduction of like enforcement mechanisms including an individual complaints procedure. The ICESCR previously envisaged the mechanism of periodic reports by member states to monitor implementation; no further remedies (such as inter-state communications provided for in the ICCPR) were envisaged. The OP-ICESCR mechanisms were adopted to ensure that remedies are provided in cases of violations of economic, social and cultural rights. The OP-ICESCR adds an adjudicatory and inquiry procedure for CESCR to enforce and implement the ICESCR.
At this juncture, the successful enforcement of ESC rights is being viewed in light of the works of the CESCR [ICESCR Committee] as seen through its work; General Comments, Views under the communications mechanism, and Concluding Observations...
Greek Conceptions of Natural Rights as Reflected in Modern Theories of Human Rights
...Greek philosophy and thought are considered to be the foundation of much of modern Western philosophy and thought. Although the classical Greek theory of natural law and rights differed greatly from modern notions, particularly, where the concept of “right” itself is concerned, yet the importance of many of its notions in the modern human rights jurisprudence cannot be overlooked.
It can be said that the roots of modern human rights can be found in ancient Greece...